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Essentium TPU 74D

Essentium

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75,00 €
75,00 €

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Semi-rigid TPU technical filament, ideal for replacing ABS in demanding applications.

Essentium TPU 74D filament is an FDM 3D printing material that is part of Essentium's portfolio of flexible materials. Essentium is renowned for its industrial 3D printing solutions, as well as its wide range of filaments for a variety of general and specific applications in aerospace, automotive, energy and other industries. As a result, Essentium remains at the forefront of additive manufacturing and is chosen by a large number of companies for the quality of its products.

TPU 74D is composed of TPU. TPU (Thermoplastic Polyurethane) is a thermoplastic, more specifically a linear elastomer polymer belonging to the polyurethane family. Within TPU, different hardness ranges can be found. In the field of FDM 3D printing, hardness is usually indicated by the Shore A or Shore D scales, which perfectly cover the hardness ranges of thermoplastics for AM.

Semi-rigid material

The 74D TPU filament has a 74D Shore hardness, the highest among Essentium's flexible filaments. Therefore, despite falling into this category, this filament is considered a semi-rigid material due to its high stiffness.

Despite its stiffness, this filament maintains other properties of TPU, such as:

  • Excellent impact resistance
  • Tear resistance
  • Abrasion resistance
  • Chemical, solvent, oil and ozone resistance

Video 1: Essentium materials guide: TPU. Source: Essentium.

Despite its flexible nature, this filament can be printed on almost any desktop 3D printer on the market, even those with bowden extrusion systems.

Because of its TPU base, 74D shore hardness, and properties, this filament is ideal as a direct replacement for ABS. This is very useful since the 74D TPU filament, unlike ABS, has no tendency to deform, thus avoiding to a great extent the warping effect so common when 3D printing with ABS.

Applications in industry

Thus, 74D TPU filament is useful for applications requiring high impact resistance, high chemical resistance and good abrasion and wear resistance, such as:

  • Rapid prototyping: The 74D TPU allows rapid prototyping to bring ideas to life with great immediacy, allowing the materialisation, testing and presentation of different models or improvements on an initial design until the desired result is achieved.
  • End-use parts: Thanks to its mechanical and chemical properties, the 74D TPU filament allows you to 3D print end-use parts and components quickly, accurately and with good repeatability, making it possible in some cases to produce parts that would be very complex using other manufacturing methods or technologies.

Specific applications for 74D TPU filament include the manufacture of covers, connectors, vibration isolation parts and impact-resistant structural components, among others. These applications are usually developed in sectors such as the industrial or medical sector.

In the case of 3D printing equipment with multiple print heads, it is possible to produce complex parts using 74D TPU and a support material, or to produce parts with areas with different mechanical properties. This offers enormous possibilities and design freedom.

Due to its properties and composition developed specifically for AM, 74D TPU is an ideal solution for companies requiring the manufacture of semi-rigid parts with excellent impact resistance and chemical resistance.

Elongation at break (%) 73
Tensile strength (MPa) 24
Tensile modulus (MPa) 3000
Surface hardness 8
Abrasion resistance Abrasion resistance
Vibration resistance Vibration resistance
Chemical resistance Chemical resistance
Hide color variations (Hide color variations)

74D TPU filament offers a versatile and easy-to-print solution even with bowden extrusion equipment.

When processing this material, a printing temperature of 230-250°C and a bed temperature of 50-80°C is recommended. This filament does not require the use of 3D printing equipment with a heated chamber.

The recommended printing speed is between 20 and 50 mm/s, with a lower printing speed recommended for the first layer (between 15 and 20 mm/s). It is not necessary to work with a layer fan, although up to 20 % can be used.

The TPU 74D filament has a high adhesion to the base and between layers, although, if necessary, it can be improved by using a specific adhesive for flexible materials such as Magigoo Flex.

To obtain optimum printing results with this filament, it should be taken into account that it is a hygroscopic material, so it should be kept free of moisture. For this purpose, it is advisable to use an F3 Safe case, which allows both storing the material and keeping it free of humidity during the printing process. If the material is exposed to moisture, it is recommended to dry it with a filament dryer such as PrintDry Pro. Once dry, it is recommended to store it in a container such as the PrintDry Smart Filament Container.

General information
Manufacturer Essentium
Material TPU 74D
Format 750 kg spool
Density 1.23 g/cm3
Filament diameter 1.75 mm, 2.85 mm
Diameter tolerance -
Filament length ±253 m (Ø 1.75 mm - 750 g)
±95 m (Ø 2.85 mm - 750 g)
Colour Black
RAL/Pantone -
Printing properties
Printing temperature 230 - 250 ºC
Base/bed temperature 50 - 80 ºC
Chamber temperature Not recommended
Layer fan 0 - 20 %
Recommended print speed 20 - 50 mm/s
Material recommended printing surface G-10/FR4 or Glass
Mechanical properties
Impact resistance Izod with notch (ISO 180/A) XY No breakage
45/45 No breakage
YX 15 KJ/m2  hinge breakage
ZX 5.4 KJ/m2 complete breakage
Charpy impact resistance -
Elongation at break (ISO 37) XY 730 %
45/45 510 %
YX 73 %
ZX 110 %
Tensile strength (ISO 37) XY 39.2 MPa
45/45 32.7 MPa
YX 24 MPa
ZX 24.8 MPa
Tensile modulus (ISO 37) XY 3400 MPa
45/45 3280 MPa
YX 3140 MPa
ZX 3160 MPa
Bending strength -
Bending modulus -
Surface hardness (ISO 868) 74 Shore D
Thermal properties
Softening temperature -
Melting temperature -
Transparency -
Brightness value -
Additional information
HS Code 3916.9
Spool diameter (outside) -
Spool diameter (inner hole) -
Reel width -


* The typical values listed in this table should be considered as a reference. Actual values may vary depending on the 3D printer model used, part design and printing conditions. We recommend confirming the final results and properties with your own tests. For further information please refer to the product data sheet.

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